ARCHAEOLOGICAL INSTITUTE of AMERICA - Jacksonville Society
University of North Florida,
Social Sciences Building 51
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February 24, 2018 - Dr. John Krigbaum
Bioarchaeology in the Age of Isotopes: New Perspectives on Space and Time in Asian Prehistory
Advances in technology including mass spectrometry permit fresh insights into past people. Bioarchaeology, the study of human remains in archaeological context, has contributed in substantive ways towards reconstructing past lifeways, and the analysis of stable isotope ratios using tools of mass spectrometry on prehistoric remains have transformed the field. In this talk, I will touch on my work past and present in the tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia, focusing on a variety of isotopes derived from human tooth enamel (e.g., carbon, oxygen, lead, strontium). One advantage of tooth enamel is that it captures a window of time during tooth development that has high resolution, allowing for the interpretation of human behavior with sub-annual precision. Serially sampling tooth enamel along growth layers offers new perspectives of diet and environmental change and permits key questions to be addressed such as the ecological context associated with new modes of food production in Southeast Asia during the mid-Holocene.
March 17, 2018 - Dr. James M. Davidson
Kingsley Plantation and Bulowville: A Comparative Study of Enslavement in Early 19th Century Florida
African Diaspora Archaeology can trace its origin to the 1968 excavation of a slave cabin at Kingsley Plantation on Fort George Island (Duval County), Florida in 1968. Between 2006 and 2013, eight summer excavations were conducted at this historical site, to revisit this pioneering work, and ask new questions regarding the lives of enslaved Africans in these New World contexts. The plantation was occupied between 1814 and 1839 by Zephaniah Kingsley, a Scottish planter who was remarkably Afrocentric, married to an African woman, and who practiced a “hands off” policy regarding the personal lives of his Africans, offering them a latitude of freedom to practice aspects of their native religions and other expressions of identity, material evidence of which we found in the slave cabins and adjoining yards. In stark contrast was the Bulow Plantation (near modern day Ormond Beach), which was founded by Charles Bulow in 1821, and run primarily by his son John Bulow until the plantation’s destruction by Seminoles in 1836 during the Second Seminole War. John Bulow was described as an excessively cruel enslaver, who stood accused of murdering four of his Africans. Four summer field excavations of two cabins and adjoining yards at Bulowville (2014-2017) allow us to compare and contrast two radically different slave owners, and in the process, see some of the impacts of these differences manifested materially, in the lives of the Africans who resided there in early 19th century Florida.
April 21, 2018 - Kevin McAleese
Full Circle - First Contact: Vikings and Skraelings in Newfoundland and Labrador
The arrival of the Norse at L'Anse aux Meadows in northern Newfoundland around 1000 A. D. is likely the earliest European settlement in North America. L'Anse aux Meadows is the first recorded site where during the Viking Age people who turned left out of Africa met up with people who turned right. The speaker will review the "Full Circle" process of global settlement and present the archaeology of the different people referred to as the Skraelings in the Norse Sagas--the aboriginal residents at L'Anse aux Meadows. A UNESCO world heritage site, L'Anse aux Meadows residents continue their local way of life. The speaker will conclude the lecture with a discussion of additional sites which appear to belong to the Viking Age.
May 19, 2018 - Dr. Andy Hemmings
Discussion: Ongoing Work at the Vero Site, a Palaeondian Site in Florida
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